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  • Mongolia: Growth, Democracy, and Two Wary Neighbors - The .

    May 03, 2012 · An Interview with Alan Wachman. By Allen Wagner May 3, 2012. Since its transition from a single-party Communist system with strong ties to the Soviet Union to a multiparty democracy in 1990, Mongolia has made large strides in its democratic and economic transformation.

  • Publications - Africa Portal

    The paper gives basic information on the political status, economy and origins of GDP for Zambia. The colonial era saw the development of mining and the primary sector into highly efficient units of production, whilst the subsistence agricultural .

  • Movement for Multi-Party Democracy - Wikipedia

    The Movement for Multi-party Democracy (MMD) is a political party in Zambia. Originally formed to oust the previous government, MMD controlled an absolute majority in parliament between 1991 and 2001, when its past leader, Frederick Chiluba was President of Zambia.

  • Women in mining: Legislation and representation for women .

    The mining industry is a male domain (2) - men dominate the industry, while women's participation in mining continues to be minimal.(3) This is not purely for social reasons, such as stereotypes - the participation of women in this sector has even been discouraged through legislation.

  • Why Ethiopia's prime minister is suggesting a multiparty .

    Jul 23, 2018 · Why Ethiopia's prime minister is suggesting a multiparty democracy. Abiy Ahmed became prime minister in April and since then the government has .

  • ZAMBIA - OECD

    on account of policy bias in favour of maize, infrastructure and service support to the agricultural sector discriminated against other equally rewarding activities in this sector. Since the Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD) came to power in 1991, it has been government policy to take steps to withdraw from the provision of agricultural .

  • The DA's Demise Puts South Africa's Democracy at Risk

    Oct 29, 2019 · COVID-19 has bucked conventional wisdom on how the industry must operate. . South Africa's Multiparty Democracy at Risk . the dangers of racially based redress policies. .

  • The Rise of Resource Nationalism? - SAIMM

    Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy The Rise of Resource Nationalism: A Resurgence of State Control in an Era of Free Markets Or the Legitimate Search for a New Equilibrium? A Study to Inform Multi-stakeholder Dialogue on State-Participation in Mining Compiled by Michael Solomon Cape Town, February, 2012

  • Copper miners in Zambia fearful of 'King Cobra' - MINING.COM

    Sep 23, 2011 · The election of Michael Sata to president of Zambia is not sitting well with copper miners who fear the 73-year-old, known as "King Cobra" for his aggressive style, will pick the pockets of mining .

  • POLITICAL GOVERNANCE STUDY IN ZAMBIA

    POLITICAL GOVERNANCE STUDY IN ZAMBIA 9)" " there is still a high endorsement of democracy as a good system of governance though there is need for improvement especially to get it more institutional-based. However, the major complaint is that most citizens do not see democracy as delivering

  • Zambia Overview of economy, Information about Overview of .

    The mining of copper dominates Zambia's national economy. A central legacy of the colonial period (1899-1964) was the exploitation of Northern Rhodesia's (modern Zambia) vast copper deposits, first, by the British South Africa Company (BSAC) who administered the territory until 1924 and, second, by the British government.

  • Reaction & Resistance to Neo-liberalism in Zambia: Review .

    This paper explores the current Zambian discourse around neo-liberal economic polices, in particular its expression in a trade union-led campaign against the privatisation of the Zambian National Commercial Bank (ZNCB). It locates the origin of these protests in the impact of economic liberalisation programmes implemented by the ruling Movement for Multi-Party Democracy (MMD) since 1991.

  • The Rise of Resource Nationalism? - SAIMM

    Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy The Rise of Resource Nationalism: A Resurgence of State Control in an Era of Free Markets Or the Legitimate Search for a New Equilibrium? A Study to Inform Multi-stakeholder Dialogue on State-Participation in Mining Compiled by Michael Solomon Cape Town, February, 2012

  • Health sector policy in the first decade of . - DeepDyve

    Apr 01, 2004 · Health sector policy in the first decade of Nepal's multiparty democracy Health sector policy in the first decade of Nepal's multiparty democracy Adhikari, Shiva Raj; Maskay, Nephil Matangi 2004-04-01 00:00:00 Nepal experienced a significant political regime shift in 1990 from the partyless Panchyat system to the present multiparty form of democracy.

  • Stable Governance | Zambia Development Agency

    Stable Governance Zambia practices a system of multiparty democracy with Members of Parliament and the President who is also the Head of State, There is .

  • Mozambican political parties unable to formulate policies .

    Mozambican parties lack the preparation to formulate policies for the extractive industry, a deficiency that could undermine the defence of the country's interests, the executive director of the Institute for Multiparty Democracy (IDM) said on Tuesday. Speaking to Lusa on the fringes of the "Partic

  • Political and Economic Liberalisation in Zambia 1991–2001

    Political and Economic Liberalisation in Zambia 1991–2001 Lise Rakner The Nordic Africa Institute, 2003 RAKNER I Page 1 Wednesday, October 1, 2003 2:17 PM. Cover photo: Gisela Geisler A rally for the Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD) before the 1991 transitional elections. . This analysis of Zambia's first decade of political and .

  • Mongolia - Mining Sector - Legislative and Regulatory .

    Apr 11, 2017 · (a) Firm's previous project experience in countries with sector and economic environments comparable to those of Mongolia (10%) (b) Firm's previous project experience in the preparation of primary legislation in the mining sector and in supporting the passage of such legislation through the governmental and parliamentary approval processes .

  • Minerals and Mining Policy of South Africa: Green Paper .

    iv) Government will discourage the use of Fanagalo as a medium of communication in the minerals and mining industry. The language policy of the mining industry will be guided by the multi-lingual reality of South Africa, and constitutional rights regarding language.

  • U.S. Democracy Needs a Multiparty System to Survive

    Oct 19, 2019 · Americans can't afford a broken system while policy problems worsen. But no problems can be solved until the divisive, zero-sum, polarized politics breaking U.S. democracy are dissolved.

  • Copper mining in Zambia - ETH Z

    Copper mining in Zambia † page 3 Paper 165 † July 2008 the core business of mining and the politicisation of the ZCCM board led some observers 2 to conclude that this may have been responsible for the poor performance of the mines in the 1980s and early 1990s. In addition, there was not only a reluctance by Zambian policy-makers to .

  • Georgia Mining Sector - Development Support Programme

    Background: The Government of Georgia (the "Government") wishes to see the mining sector make a more fulsome contribution to the economy and public finances, and has identified the sector as a priority area of focus for reform and development efforts. With that in mind, the Government believes that the preparation of a progressive policy and strategy framework, and modernisation of the .

  • (PDF) Health sector policy in the first decade of Nepal's .

    Health sector policy in the first decade of Nepal's multiparty democracy

  • Neoliberalism, big capital and the Zambian crisis .

    Neoliberalism, big capital and the Zambian crisis . the main player in the Zambian mining sector is white capital . who led the exodus of powerful factions of the Movement for Multi-Party .

  • Democracy and Governance in Africa | Democratization in .

    Democracy and Governance in Africa Africa's continuing reliance on foreign aid has increased the opportunities for bilateral and multilateral aid agencies to influence policy making in the region. The major donors have been meeting frequently in order to discuss development and debt problems and to devise aid strategies for African governments.

  • Multi-party system - Wikipedia

    A multi-party system is a political system in which multiple political parties across the political spectrum run for national election, and all have the capacity to gain control of government offices, separately or in coalition. Apart from one-party-dominant and two-party systems, .

  • MULTIPARTY DEMOCRACY IN AFRICA: LESSONS FROM .

    MULTIPARTY DEMOCRACY IN AFRICA This means that the states centrally controlled the economy. Large state companies operated in all major economic areas. In Zambia, this meant nationalizing the big mining companies, creating state farms and other parastatals which run such strategic industries as food processing, building materials, and so on.

  • ZAMBIA - OECD

    sector discriminated against other equally rewarding activities in this sector. Since the Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD) came to power in 1991, it has been government policy to take steps to withdraw from the provision of agricultural inputs, to end the guaranteed maize purchases and consumer subsidies, and to privatise the mills.

  • Femke Lee - Parliamentary Advisor / Programme Manager .

    Mrs. Femke Lee-Brouwer works as Parliamentary Advisor/Programme Manager for the Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy (NIMD) since July 2019. She oversees the organisation's programming with political parties, parliaments, civil society and citizens in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.

  • Policy Brief 7: State of Democracy-Zambia | DEMOCRACY .

    Policy Brief 7: State of Democracy-Zambia. . The country also experienced the replacement of a former opposition party turned government when the Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD) was replaced for failure to deliver on its promises. . Most of the mining companies are foreign owned. Before the global slump in commodity prices, Zambia .